Decorative Concrete Options
HAND TEXTURED OVERLAY
Hand textured overlays are flexible in design and color and provide an entirely custom surface for each customer. Hand crafted, random stone and faux flagstone are most commonly requested. The beauty is that each stone looks slightly different in texture size and color, creating an attractively unique surface.
Hand texturing involves applying a skim coat, approximately 1/8” thick, to your existing surface with a trowel. The new surface can be heavily textured or smooth, and can be shaped to look like stones, tile with grout lines, or an unbroken surface. It is more cost-effective than stamped concrete and the best option for heavily cracked or damaged surfaces.
Stamped Concrete overlays are regularly used in Las Vegas for pool decks, patios, driveways and interiors. They can be seen in casinos, hotels and restaurants.
When compared to the free flow of hand-textured overlays, stamped concrete has a more manufactured and repetitive design because templates are used to create impressions in the cement.
Most stamped concrete is applied as cement is freshly poured, but it can also be installed over structurally sound concrete. The acrylic cement will typically add ¼ inch to your existing surface.
Choose from commonly used stamp mats like:
- Italian, Roman or Ashlar Slate
- Old Granite
- Cobble Stone, and many others
Because of the thicker overlay, 1/4” vs. 1/8”, stamped concrete is not as durable as hand textured overlays. This is due to the thicker material not moving and breathing as well with the original surface.
Epoxy paint adds color and protective coating to interior and exterior cement floors. It creates a durable, easy-to-clean floor when quality products are properly applied. Homeowners might try saving money by applying the epoxy and seal coat themselves. Unfortunately, they usually find that the products available at the hardware store don’t hold up or even bond with the surface at all.
Concrete Texturing’s epoxy has a five-year warranty and is a 5-layer system, finished with an extremely durable two-part polyurethane sealant. Not only will it protect your surface, it can transform ugly cement into a floor of beauty and function.
Epoxy Chip Systems add some flare to the traditional solid color epoxy. There are numerous blends of epoxy chip colors that can be added to your concrete surface. This is typically used on garage floors, but it can also be used on driveways, courtyards, back patios or other existing concrete surfaces.
Metallic Epoxy is strictly an indoor application. Made of 100% solid epoxy with metallic pigments added, this self-leveling epoxy coating is designed to be manipulated to create a glossy and deep looking floor with a variety of different colors and visual effects. It can create a beautiful three-dimensional appearance that gives the illusion of craters, ripples, and swirling rivers of metallic-looking plasma. Not only do they look stunning, they are considered a high performance floor coating designed to last for years.
Acid stains are reactive stains designed to react chemically with the lime in the concrete. With acid stains, the applicator has limited control and a wide range of colors will appear due to the reaction of the stain to the concrete. Reactive stains are best for customers who desire a lot of color-variance in their flooring.
Water-based stains are non-reactive, and are essentially a tint or coloring over the cement. These are best for customers who want a small amount of variance and a more controlled color outcome.
Both Acid Stains and Water-based Stains are translucent, and do not cover blemishes in the concrete surface. So if your concrete has a large number of cracks or stains already, using an Acid Stain or Water-based Stain is probably not the right solution for your floor. The best surface for these applications is one that is in good condition with no, or very minor, blemishes.
Spray texture is literally sprayed onto the surface of your concrete after applying a base coat. This process is a very cost-effective and popular application for pool decks, back patios, walkways and driveways. It is slip-resistant and has cooling features, which is why it’s so popular around pools. There are a number of colors and design options available. This type of surface is often called cool deck, but spray texture is not the same as the brand name Kool Deck. Spray Texture (cool deck) can be used over new or existing cement surfaces, whereas the brand name Kool Deck can only be applied over newly poured cement.
Often existing spray textures or Kool Decks do not need to be completely replaced. The damaged texture can be replaced, and the remaining surface color coated to make the entire surface look brand new.
This coating is often used to apply a thin layer over existing stamped concrete when the surface colors and sealant have lifted, and a blank canvas is needed to properly color and restore the surface. This achieves great adhesion to the existing surface and allows the customer to select a new color scheme for their project.
All decorative concrete coatings need to be maintained with a seal coat. Direct sunlight exposure and the amount of auto and foot traffic will determine how often resealing is needed. Interior residential floors should generally be resealed every 7 to 10 years, pool decks every 4 to 5 years, and driveways may need to be resealed as often as every 3 to 5 years.
A two-part Polyurethane Sealant is essential for driveways, since it offers the most durability and stain resistance. This sealant is recommended for high traffic areas where a glossy look is desired. In Las Vegas, surfaces with a Polyurethane Sealant need to be sealed every 3 to 5 years, depending on weather exposure.
Acrylic Sealants are great for low-sheen looks where the surface is in a more protected environment like a covered back patio, courtyard, or inside. Surfaces with an Acrylic Sealant need to be sealed every 2 to 3 years, depending on traffic and weather exposure.
The primary benefits of paver sealing are protection from corrosion and fading caused by water and sunlight. Sealing your pavers can also prevent tire tracks from becoming a permanent part of the surface, and protect them from foreign spills like oil, wine or barbecue sauce. And, it helps to preserve the pavers’ natural color and beauty for years to come.
The quality of sealant also plays an important role in longevity; a generic store brand won’t hold up like a specialized paver or concrete sealant. Lesser-quality sealants have a life of less then one year and could cause a cloudy film on the pavers. Professional grade sealants will last 2 to 5 years.
RECOLORING/RESEALING ROCK & STONE FEATURES
Rock features are often used around pools and in landscaping to create a beautiful yard.
Since most rock features are constructed with rebar, it is important to protect that rebar from deterioration by filling any cracks or fractures when they appear. Rock features can be recolored with water-based stains and still maintain their natural stone appearance. The rock features should also be resealed to protect from UV rays and calcium in the water.